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Different Fish Foods.

Discussion in 'Articles' started by Keith, Nov 17, 2018.

  1. Keith

    Keith Administrator
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    Shrimp Foods

    Shane Matheson
    Head Aquarist
    Queensland Aquarium Design
    www.qldaquariumdesign.com.au

    Mulberry Leaves -Dry or green
    Stinging Nettle - Dry or green
    Oak Leaves
    Indian Almond Leaves

    Blanched (not boiled) Spinach - Green
    Pearl Barley - (Woolworths)
    Bee pollen - (Health food stores)
    Barley Grass - (Health Food stores)

    Some of these can be sourced from Fishchick Aquatics at Annerley. She is a shrimp specialist.
    In terms of commercial foods, you could try...
    Ocean Nutrition Shrimp Wafers
    Fluval Shrimp Wafers - though I hear it is a little oily sometimes.
    and Hikari also makes a shrimp food.
    Though I hear very good things about the Mosura and Shirakura brand of crustacean foods.

    You can buy most of these from a place called i-Scape Aquatics or you could try Shrimplovers Australia or ebay (http://stores.ebay.com.au/Shrimplovers-Australia/_i.html?_fsub=3607608017)

    Aquarium Fish Foods
    Feb 2012

    MY FEEDING PROGRAM.
    This is always done about 30 min after the tank light goes on in the morning
    Other than the usual flakes, pellets and algae wafers, & frozen bloodworms three times a week there are many other also foods I use.
    I mix and rotate the different types of sinking food each day when I do not feed them with the frozen Blood Worms.
    The mixture is always Flakes, sinking pellets, and algae wafers broken up.
    With the Worms they also get the algae wafers broken up.
    The different foods I use are many and varied, never at any specific time or day.
    All this started not long after viewing Aquarium Forums.
    I am always willing to try something different.
    I believe that is the reason why my fish are as healthy as they can get.
    15 Lb fishing line suspends the pear core & the fish frame.
    The tomato & the zucchini are held to a flat rock by an elastic band.
    Two small river pebbles hold down the lettuce leaf.
    When feeding with the fish frame, pear core, and the lettuce I do not leave it too long, one hour at the most.
    I would only feed the fish frame the day before I do my 30% weekly water change.
    Once I found a tomato seed that had started to sprout in the internal filter I was using at the time.
    Fish all fresh & uncooked
    SW fish frame.
    Various SW fish mashed
    Prawns/Shrimp
    Roe FW & SW
    Meat
    Raw lamb’s liver mashed very fine about 1/2 tea spoon.
    Vegetables all cooked and mashed
    Beans.
    Broccoli
    Carrot.
    Celery.
    Corn
    Peas.
    Spinach

    Vegetables Raw
    Lettuce.
    Tomato.
    Zucchini.

    Fruit.
    Pear core
    Banana. Small pieces.
    **********************************

    WHY ARE THERE DIFFERENT KINDS OF FOODS?
    This information was supplied with the permission of Sera WWW.sera.de
    You have noticed that different species feed at different zones, top middle, and the bottom.
    Fish with a straight back with the upwards directed mouth and the dorsal fin shifted backwards prefer to stay near the water surface. Examples are Hatchet fish and egg laying tooth-carps (such as Killifish)
    Fish of the upper and mid water zones are usually capture their food by hunting and snatching. Flake foods are ideal for surface fish.
    Fish with bended dorsal fins, ventral contours and mouths facing forwards prefer to stay in the middle zones. Among this group are Neon tetras, Discus and most Barbs.
    Fish in this zone prefer to eat granulated foods, and food tablets attached to the inside front of the aquarium.
    Fish that dwell on the bottom have a flat belly with a downward directed mouth. Armoured catfish, Sucker-mouth catfish, and Clown Loaches are the best know of these species.
    Fish in this zone hunt for food along the bottom or scrape of the algae. These fish best suit granulated foods, food tablets.
    Young fish require special “Baby Foods” because they are constantly growing and have different requirements to adult fish. There are many and varied foods suitable for your young fish.
    ***************************

    FEEDING & INGREDIENTS

    This information was supplied with the permission of Sera WWW.sera.de
    In nature, the food the food supply for different fish species differs very much, and the fish have adapted to their natural food sources. For example many fish mainly feed on plants and algae, these include catfish; live bearing tooth carps, East African cichlids and many more.
    For healthy growth and splendid colours, ornamental fish require food that is according to their requirements, which contain all the natural nutrients, vitamins and minerals in a well-balanced ratio.
    Good manufacturers of quality fish food are very meticulous in their processing a high quality product. The natural herbs used not only contain many healthy elements but they give the taste and make it appetising for the fish. With careful freeze-drying this ensures it is absolutely free from any parasites. This is most important and prevents transmission of diseases that can be found in some live foods.

    BENEFICIAL INGREDIENTS
    Paprika and red carrots
    Stimulate digestion. They are rich in vitamins and carotene, which improve the splendid colours of ornamental fish.

    Soybeans
    Improves the resistance to disease. They contain an abundance of protein and lecithin. Also can improve the fertility of male fish.

    Borage
    Strengthens the kidneys and reduces stress.
    Spinach and stinging nettle
    Contain minerals and trace elements also increase the fertility of fish.

    Spices and officinal herbs
    Basil Improves the general well being of fish.
    Angelica Reduces stress.
    Anise Stimulates appetite and digestion.

    Fishery products
    Fish meal, bloodworms, mussels and daphnia are an easy to digest energy supply.
    It is easy to see that aquarium fish depend totally on what they are given. It must also be obvious that fish require a wide variety of foods to keep them healthy.

    Keith July 2005

    Keith:cathug::cathug:

    *******************************************************************************************************************

    This information was supplied with the permission of Sera WWW.sera.de


    THE PURPOSE OF DIFFERENT NUTRIENTS

    The food must contain a well-balanced composition of nutrients, vitamins, minerals and trace elements to provide nutrition according to the natural requirements of the individual fish.

    Carbohydrates and fats
    These are the most important energy sources in the food. However, if an oversupply occurs, especially fat, this can lead to organ damages. Therefore good food should have less than 6%, rearing young fish it can contain up to 8%.

    Protein
    Consists of long chains of connected amino acids. The fish absorbs the amino acids for building up muscles. Rich in protein is real “power nutrition” for every fish. Animal protein is faster and easier to digest than vegetable protein.

    Trace Elements
    They are regarded as the “tools” of the organism. Trace Elements as the name implies are only required in very small amounts.

    Minerals
    For example calcium is important for building the skeleton and therefore the healthy growth of fish.

    Ballast Substances
    While having no direct nutritional value yet they have a very important part to play as they act as an effective defence against inertia of the bowels, which will otherwise cause complications.

    Keith July 05


    *******************************************************************************************************************
    This information was supplied with the permission of Sera WWW.sera.de

    VITAMINS
    This is a generic term from entirely different active substances, which have nothing in common at all. They possess many different functions and each required amount differs strongly from the other. A very important point is that the lack of one vitamin cannot compensate with an oversupply of another vitamin.

    Deficiency of nearly every vitamin, furthermore leads to the lack of appetite and growth disturbances, also apathetic ill looking fish is a very good indication of the lack of vitamins

    Vitamin B1
    Is necessary to obtain energy from carbohydrates in the food.
    Deficiency leads to movement troubles and cramps.

    Vitamin B2
    Plays an important role in the digestion of protein.
    Deficiency symptoms are bleeding sores on the skin and disturbances of the nervous system.

    Vitamin B5 (vitamin PP)
    Is important for the build up of various enzymes.
    Deficiency is gill problems.

    Vitamin B6
    This is important for the nervous system.
    Deficiency causes damages to the nervous system and ultimately to movement troubles.

    Vitamin B12
    Is necessary for the digestive organs and the build up of the red blood cells (haemoglobin).
    Deficiency leads to anaemia and results in apathy and growth disturbances.

    Vitamin C
    This is important for the skeletal build up. Also, it plays an important role for improving the resistance of disease.
    Deficiency leads to gill deformity and prone to many diseases.

    Vitamin D3
    This regulates the intake of calcium and phosphorus also it is extremely important for skeleton growth.
    Deficiency leads to (rachitis) a bone deformity.

    Vitamin E
    Stimulates the production of fertility hormones. Also it stabilizes other vitamins and the valuable fatty acids in foods.
    Deficiency symptoms are infertility and liver fattening.

    Vitamin H (biotin)
    This is a growth factor.
    Deficiency causes lack of appetite and cramps.

    Vitamin K
    Improves blood coagulation after injuries.
    Deficiency will lead to problems to skin healing and to liver damage.

    Choline
    This is necessary for the digestion of fat.
    Deficiency will lead to, among other symptoms, fattening of the liver.

    *****************************
    Keith 2018:cathug::cathug:
     
    #1 Keith, Nov 17, 2018
    Last edited: Nov 17, 2018
    moss-maniac and Paraguay like this.
  2. Paraguay

    Paraguay Member

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    Really informative info
     
    Keith likes this.
  3. moss-maniac

    moss-maniac Custom Text
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    Wow Keith :clap:

    Thank you!
     

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